July 17, 2007
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, 1962
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner opens to the shot of an expressionless, lone runner named Colin Smith (Tom Courtenay) traversing a long, wooded trail as he explains in inner monologue the thoughts and abstractions that occupy a runner's mind on these vast, empty stretches of road - during these quiet, uninterrupted moments of solitude before the final sprint towards the finish line, far from the sight of the waiting, cheering crowds. A subsequent image of Colin being transported in a secured vehicle along with other high risk, troubled young men to a reformatory school called Ruxton Towers in the remote countryside frames his seemingly philosophical, contemplative observation within the more mundane reality of his court-mandated, borstal rehabilitation (note that compound's forbidden structure reminiscent of both a prison and an impenetrable fortress that a fellow passenger appropriately likens to the sight of the Tower of London). In hindsight, the decontextualized opening image serves as an insightful prefiguration of Colin's own indirection and foundering sense of purpose. Proceeding in flashback, the film chronicles Colin's path towards this desolate country road, as the eldest son of a working class family in northern England who prematurely inherits the responsibilities of the man of the house following the long, lingering death of his terminally ill father (and whose eventual demise may have been hastened by his mother (Avis Bunnage)), as a reluctant witness to the petty squandering of his late father's meager pension by his self-absorbed mother (and who also, in turn, indecorously installs her new beau into their already crowded household soon after her husband's death), as a pining lover searching for stolen moments of intimacy away from the oppressive reminders of his uneventful life and limited opportunities beyond the standing offer to take over his father's employment (and inevitably similar fate) in the mining town. Proving to be the Ruxton's most able sprinter and long distance runner, Colin catches the attention of the school's well-intentioned governor (Michael Redgrave) who is eager to showcase the young man's talent at an upcoming exhibition games tournament against a prestigious prep school as a means of promoting the school's excellence in reforming troubled young men. But as tournament day approaches and Colin becomes increasingly resentful of his newfound role as the obliging poster boy for borstal rehabilitation, his long and lonely trip to the finish line becomes a soul-searching journey into the reclamation of his own identity. A thoughtful and poignant, yet unsentimental adaptation of Alan Sillitoe's 1958 short story, the film is an incisive portrait of the personal struggle between conformity and identity that is inherent in the process of maturity, where youthful idealism and a sense of invulnerability collides with the travails of everyday survival and the realization of human frailty. It is this sobering dichotomy that is inevitably captured in the concluding extended shot of Colin disassembling gas masks at the borstal's vocational recycling workshop - a metaphoric reflection of the implicit paradox of institutional rehabilitation, and more broadly, the world itself in its ritualistic image of salvage and cannibalization - evoking both the fleeting taste of freedom, and its protective suffocation.